What is Harry Hess’ contribution?
Hess, Harry Hammond (1906-69) The American geophysicist from Princeton University, Hess made an important contribution to plate tectonics theory. He developed the concept of seabed spreading (see also DIETZ, ROBERT SINCLAIR) and discovered and named guys.
What contributed to the theory of plate tectonics?
“Father of Plate Tectonics”, Alfred Wegener he proposed “Continental Drift” in 1912 but was laughed at by fellow scientists. It would take another 50 years for the concept to be accepted.
How did Dietz and Hess contribute to the theory of plate tectonics?
The work of Hess and Dietz played an important role in the development of the modern theory of plate tectonics. 1963 Vine, Matthews, and Morley (VMM) suggested that: when a new basalt crust is formed, its minerals (especially magnetite) are magnetized according to the earth’s existing magnetic field.
What is the theory of plate tectonics?
The tectonic plate theory states that The solid outer shell of the Earth, the lithosphere, is divided into plates that move across asthenosphere, molten upper part of the mantle. Oceanic and continental plates connect, diverge, and interact across planet-wide boundaries.
Who is Harry Hess What is he best known for?
plate tectonics Harry Hammond Hess (May 24, 1906 – August 25, 1969) was an American geologist and US Navy officer during World War II who is considered to be one The “founding fathers” of the unifying theory of plate tectonics.
What is Harry Hess’s theory?
He published The History of the Ocean Basins in 1962, in which he presented a theory that could explain how continents can actually drift. This theory later became known as “Spread of the seabed“. … Hess believed that ocean trenches were places where the ocean floor was destroyed and recycled.
Who are Harry Hess and Robert Dietz?
Dietz, born in Westfield, New Jersey, was marine geologist, geophysicist and oceanographer who conducted, together with Harry Hammond Hess, pioneering research on the spread of the seabed, already published in 1960–1961.
Why did Harry Hess propose the idea of subduction zones?
As the oceanic crust moved away from the higher ocean ridges, the guys sank below sea level, submerging completely. Hess also theorized that since the continental crust was lighter, it did not sink back into the deep earth in the trenches like the oceanic crust.
What was Harry Hess’s discovery?
Harry Hess was a geologist and submarine commander of the Navy during World War II. Part of his mission was to explore the deepest parts of the ocean floor. In 1946, he discovered that: hundreds of flat mountains, perhaps sunken islands, shape the bottom of the Pacific.
Why was it so important to science when Alfred Wegener and Harry Hess proved their theories of continental drift and seabed spreading?
Alfred Wegener presented the evidence in 1912 that the continents are in motionbut because he couldn’t explain what forces could move them, geologists rejected his ideas. Almost 50 years later, Harry Hess confirmed Wegener’s ideas, using evidence of seabed spreading to explain what moved the continents.
What was Arthur Holmes’s theory?
Holmes’s major contribution was his proposed theory that: convection occurred in the mantle of the Earthwhich explained the pressing and pulling of the continental plates together and separately. In the 1950s, he assisted scientists in oceanographic research that publicized a phenomenon known as seabed spreading.